Using a sample of 263 male Peruvian school children of ages ranging from 11 to 16 years, a Spanish translation of the Expressions of Spirituality Inventory- Revised (ESI-R; MacDonald, 2000a, 2000b) was evaluated in terms of its reliability and factorial validity. Examination of the internal consistency of the five ESI-R dimensions revealed somewhat mediocre reliability with Cronbach’s alphas ranging from .56 to .73 across all dimensions. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) also provided somewhat mixed support for the ESI-R; while all but one of the items produced significant loadings on their intended factors, fit indices indicated problems with model fit for both four and five factor models. In post-hoc exploratory principal axis factor analyses, a discernable three factor structure was found which emulated higher order factors found by MacDonald (2000b). Additional statistical analyses were completed to determine if a short-form of the ESI-R could be developed that would be suitable for research with youth. This resulted in the creation of a 12 item scale designed to tap two factors. This scale demonstrated adequate reliability and good factorial validity. The paper ends with a discussion of the implications of the findings and suggestions for future research.
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Mendez, D. M., & MacDonald, D. A. (2017). The measurement of spirituality in children: An evaluation of the Expressions of Spirituality Inventory–Revised (ESI–R) with a sample of Peruvian school children. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 36 (1). http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24972/ijts.2017.36.1.122