The present investigation examined the relation between spirituality, measured by the
Expressions of Spirituality Inventory (ESI; MacDonald, 2000); and the Minnesota
Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Clinical (MMPI-2 RC) scales (Tellegen et
al., 2003) using data from a previously published study (i.e., MacDonald & Holland, 2003).
Zero-order, multiple, and partial correlations were calculated to explore the association.
All multiple correlations, wherein the five ESI dimensions were used collectively to predict
MMPI-2 RC scales, emerged significant for all MMPI-2 RC scales. For zero-order correlations,
all RC scales were found to have a significant relation with at least one ESI dimension.
Existential Well-Being (EWB) was found to be significantly negatively associated with all
MMPI-2 RC scales except RC9-Hypomanic Activation. When compared to correlations
between the ESI and the MMPI-2 Basic Clinical Scales, the RC scales seem to produce a
similar pattern of coefficients but of lower magnitude. The study concludes with a discussion
of the findings, limitations, and suggestions for clinical practice and future research.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Mendez, D. M., & MacDonald, D. A. (2012). Mendez, D. M., & MacDonald, D. A. (2012). Spirituality and the MMPI-2 restructured clinical scales. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 31(1), 1–10.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 31 (1). http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24972/ijts.2012.31.1.1