This paper investigates the relationship between psychoactive substances and so-called paranormal
phenomena falling within the study of parapsychology. It is primarily concerned with extrasensory
perception (ESP)—telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance—as well as out-of-body experiences
(OBEs) and near-death experiences (NDEs). Psychokinesis (PK), aura vision, encounter experiences,
and sleep paralysis only make a very limited contribution to this review as they are seldom related
to psychoactive drugs within the parapsychological literature. The paper borrows widely, but by no
means exhaustively, from parapsychology as well as transpersonal studies, anthropology, ethnobotany,
phytochemistry, psychiatry, psychotherapy, psychopharmacology, and neurobiology, particularly
neurochemistry. It is organized into neurochemical models of paranormal experience (section 1),
field reports of intentional and spontaneous phenomena incorporating anthropological, historical
and clinical cases, and personal accounts (section 2), surveys of paranormal belief and experience
(section 3), experimental research (section 4), and a methodological critique of the experimental
research with recommendations for further work (section 5).
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Luke, D. (2012). Luke, D. (2012). Psychoactive substances and paranormal phenomena: A comprehensive review. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 31(1), 97–156.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 31 (1). Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/ijts-transpersonalstudies/vol31/iss1/12