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International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

Abstract

The current study investigated the effects of an 8-week mindfulness-based substance use intervention

on self-reported impulsiveness, perceived drug risk, and healthy self-regulation in a sample of 60

incarcerated youth. Forty-eight participants completed questionnaires pre and post intervention.

Additionally, 16 participants from two of the final 8-week cohorts were interviewed in focus groups

about their experience of the program immediately following its completion. A mixed-method

embedded model was used, in which qualitative data was used in support of quantitative data. Paired

t-tests revealed a significant decrease (p < .01) in impulsiveness and a significant increase (p < .05)

in perceived risk of drug use from pretest to posttest. No significant differences were found on selfreported

self-regulation. Focus group interviews conducted immediately following the intervention

revealed three major themes: receptivity to the program in general, appreciation of the facilitator

teaching style, and learning about drugs. Clinical implications and directions for future research are

discussed.

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