This is a theoretical paper devoted to an examination of the phenomenon of the Zen
koan. First, the existing understanding of the koan will be outlined from a number of
sources. This will be followed by an examination of what the koan would look like from
a structural point of view. Ken Wilber’s outlook will then be used to look at the koan in a
fresh way so that one might see it as a kind of test of the level of consciousness exhibited
by each solution. The latter is related to recent thinking on models in general.
Rowan, J. (2010). Rowan, J. (2010). Koans and levels of consciousness. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 29(1), 12–16.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 29 (1). Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/ijts-transpersonalstudies/vol29/iss1/4