Attempts to elucidate the kinds of “thing” or “things” to which the term shamanic journeying
image is referentially linked must grapple with two related questions: what is the fundamental
nature of shamanic journeying images, and how might the origin of a shamanic
journeying image be found? The first question is ontological, concerned with the nature
and essence of shamanic journeying images. In contrast, the second is epistemological and
methodolgical, concerned with how to acquire knowledge of shamanic journeying images.
We demonstrate how inductive and deductive reasoning, the private language argument,
and reification render problematic the resolution of both. Finally, we present a method to
preliminarily formulate an ontology and epistemology of shamanic journeying imagery.
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Rock, A. J., & Krippner, S. (2008). Rock, A. J., & Krippner, S. (2008). Some rudimentary problems pertaining to the construction of an ontology and epistemology of shamanic journeying imagery. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 27(1), 12–19.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 27 (1). https://doi.org/10.24972/ijts.2008.27.1.12