Some of Wilber’s “holoarchies” are gradations of being, which he views as truth itself; however, being is
delusion, and its gradations are gradations of delusion. Wilber’s supposedly universal ontogenetic
holoarchy contradicts all Buddhist Paths, whereas his view of phylogeny contradicts Buddhist Tantra and
Dzogchen, which claim delusion/being increase throughout the aeon to finally achieve reductio ad absurdum .
Wilber presents spiritual healing as ascent; Grof and Washburn represent it as descent—yet they are
all equally off the mark. Phenomenologically speaking, the Dzogchen Path is “descending,” but not in
Washburn’s or Grof ’s sense—and “transpersonal” is not a synonym of “sanity.” A synthesis of Wilber, Grof,
Washburn, Jung, Laing, Cooper and non-transpersonal authors in the framework of Wisdom traditions is
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Capriles, E. (2006). Capriles, E. (2006). Beyond mind II: Further steps to a metatranspersonal philosophy and psychology. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 25(1), 1–44.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 25 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.24972/ijts.2006.25.1.1