The purpose of this paper is to critically explore the nature and ontological and epistemological
significance of differences observed in how various cultural traditions describe and explain such
experiences. After an initial consideration of definitional issues, the article focuses on the arguments
supporting and challenging the idea of mystical experience being a universal phenomenon
and a vehicle for true knowledge. The article also examines the problem of the unity of the mystical
experience as a definite state of consciousness and the multiplicity of its sociocultural and
civilizational expressions and descriptions conditioned by different cultural and historical factors.
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Torchinov, E. (2003). Torchinov, E. (2003). Mysticism and its cultural expression: An inquiry into the description of mystical experience and its ontological and epistemological nature. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 22(1), 40–46.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 22 (1). https://doi.org/10.24972/ijts.2003.22.1.40