Many Filipinos today still believe that the world is filled with invisible entities who can affect their lives in a tangible way. These beings usually reside in nature as the souls of ancestors or other mysterious spirits. This indigenous transpersonal worldview implies that the individual is part of a living world. The modern term “deep ecology” seems to be aligned with this worldview. This paper looks at the implications of the Filipino transpersonal worldview on policies related to the care for environment and biodiversity.
Cervantes, Carl Lorenz, "Deep Ecology, Nature Spirits, and the Filipino Transpersonal Worldview" (2023). International Journal of Transpersonal Studies Advance Publication Archive. 69.