International Journal of Transpersonal Studies


The expansion of one’s sense of identity to include various aspects of the world, both human

and non-human, may relate to how one treats the world. This sense of interconnectedness

can be domain specific, as through identification with nature and the future, or very

general, as through an expanded transpersonal identification with all of reality unlimited

by time and space. This study explored the relationship between these two specific and

the more general type of interconnectedness on environmental beliefs and behavior. A

sample of 210 participants completed a battery of interconnectedness measures, including

two specific measures, the Connectedness to Nature Scale (CNS) and Consideration of

Future Consequences Scale (CFC), and a transpersonal measure, the Self-Expansiveness

Level Form Transpersonal Scale (SELF-TS). Participants also completed a measure of

environmental beliefs, the New Ecological Paradigm Scale (NEP), and a self-report measure

of their environmental behavior. The CNS, CFC, and SELF-TS significantly intercorrelated,

supporting that they measure a common underlying construct: interconnectedness. In

addition, the CNS and CFC correlated significantly with both the NEP and environmental

behavior, but the SELF-TS did not. Furthermore, the CNS and the CFC, as well as their

interaction, predicted environmental behavior in a regression model, while the SELF-TS

did not. These results suggest that specific indicators of feeling interconnected with nature

and the future are relevant to environmental beliefs and behavior, whereas a broader sense of

transpersonal interconnectedness may not relate as well in this specific domain.

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