International Journal of Transpersonal Studies


The aim of this paper is to tease out from the New Age religion and religious transpersonal

psychology a more relational spirituality. Humanistic and transpersonal psychologies were

important forces in the emergence of the social phenomenon of the New Age. New Age

transpersonalism leans toward a restrictive non-relational spirituality because of its historical

affirmation of individualism and transcendence. Relational spirituality, which is central to

the emerging participatory paradigm, swims against strong and popular currents in New

Age transpersonal thinking which tend to see spirituality as an individual, personal, inner

pursuit, often into Eastern/Oriental nondualism. Whatever the merits of impersonal Advaita

Vedanta or Buddhism—and there are of course merits—these are categorically not relational


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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.