International Journal of Transpersonal Studies


Debates concerning causal explanations of the universe tend to be based on a priori propositions

(e.g., Edwards, 1973; Smith, 1995; Swinburne, 1978). The present paper, however, addresses the

metaphysical question, “Why does the universe exist?” from the perspective of a school of Hindu

philosophy referred to as advaita vedanta and two of its a posteriori derived creation theories: the

theory of simultaneous creation (drishti-srishti vada) and the theory of non-causality (ajata vada).

Objections to advaita vedanta are also discussed. It is concluded that advaita vedanta has the

potential to make a significant contribution to contemporary metaphysical debate in general and

our understanding of the question, “Why does the universe exist?” in particular.