Debates concerning causal explanations of the universe tend to be based on a priori propositions
(e.g., Edwards, 1973; Smith, 1995; Swinburne, 1978). The present paper, however, addresses the
metaphysical question, “Why does the universe exist?” from the perspective of a school of Hindu
philosophy referred to as advaita vedanta and two of its a posteriori derived creation theories: the
theory of simultaneous creation (drishti-srishti vada) and the theory of non-causality (ajata vada).
Objections to advaita vedanta are also discussed. It is concluded that advaita vedanta has the
potential to make a significant contribution to contemporary metaphysical debate in general and
our understanding of the question, “Why does the universe exist?” in particular.
Rock, A. J. (2005). Rock, A. J. (2005). Introduction to special topic section: Shamanism. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 24(1), 69–76.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 24 (1). Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/ijts-transpersonalstudies/vol24/iss1/9