Essays on consciousness and the contents of consciousness are generally written in conventional
prose. Academics and scholars tend to write that way and in the present tense or the past tense
and sometimes in subtle mixes of tenses. Literary styles may also be appropriate to such writings
and consciousness writing (in literary fiction) seems both relevant and appropriate. The two principal
forms and techniques of consciousness writing are interior monologue and free indirect
style. Interior monologue represents the thoughts of a character as if narrated by a character as
“I.” In free indirect style the thoughts of a character are represented as reported speech in the third
person, past tense (after Lodge, 1992). An author may use one or both forms, and combinations
of the forms together with conventional styles of narration. William James’s “stream of consciousness”
is implied in this essay.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Diespecker, D. (2004). Diespecker, D. (2004). Lightly swimming. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 23(1), 99–105.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 23 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.24972/ijts.2004.23.1.99