CIIS Faculty Publications

Mani & Service: Classics from the


Mani & Service: Classics from the "Journal for Anthroposophy"



Means of serving in the world through spiritual science arose from the generous gifts of Rudolf Steiner. Such service requires ongoing inner development and presence to one’s soul life as the medium of service, creatively and spiritually. Steiner was deeply aware and inwardly present to the reality of the spiritual tradition that inspires active service. The individual known as Mani, a third-century Persian mystic, and the spiritual streams that flowed from his teachings―the Cathars, Templars, and others―had the special purpose of "spiritualizing service," in that the spiritual worlds become the conscious wholeness through which we help others. Without the capacity to comprehend the nature of this wholeness and how to develop it, all of our attempts to serve can fall into mere functionality. The articles in this volume (previously published in the Journal of Anthroposophy) present a picture of Manicheism, which Steiner held in high esteem. The authors discuss the long-forgotten cosmology and practices of Mani, which hold important seeds for the future; the inner capacities inspired by Manicheism that relate to serving others; caring for the wounded soul; being able to help others in the most selfless ways; and working through the heart. Mani & Service presents these articles together for the first time.



Publication Date





Herndon, VA


Rudolf Steiner; Occultism; Spiritualizing Service


New Religious Movements


Author: Robert Sardello, PhD, is cofounder (with Cheryl Sanders-Sardello, PhD, in 1992) of the School of Spiritual Psychology. At the University of Dallas, he served as chair of the Department of Psychology, head of the Institute of Philosophic Studies, and graduate dean. He is also cofounder and a faculty member of the Dallas Institute of Humanities and Culture, as well as author of more than 200 articles in scholarly journals and cultural publications, and is a former faculty member of the Chalice of Repose Project in Missoula, Montana. Having developed spiritual psychology based in archetypal psychology, phenomenology, and the spiritual science of Rudolf Steiner from more than thirty-five years of research in this discipline, as well as holding positions in two universities, Dr. Sardello is now an independent teacher and scholar, teaching all over the U.S., Canada, and the U.K., as well as the Czech Republic, the Philippines, and Australia. He is a consultant to many educational and cultural institutions and a dissertation adviser at numerous academic institutions. He is author of several books, including Facing the World with Soul; Love and the World; Freeing the Soul from Fear; The Power of Soul: Living the Twelve Virtues. and Silence.

Author: Robert McDermott, Ph.D., is president emeritus and chair of the Philosophy, Cosmology, and Consciousness Program at the California Institute of Integral Studies (CIIS). His publications include Radhakrishnan (1970); The Essential Aurobindo (1974, 1987); The Essential Steiner (1984); (with Rudolf Steiner) The Bhagavad Gita and the West (2009); and The New Essential Steiner (2009). He has also published on William James, Josiah Royce, M. K. Gandhi, the evolution of consciousness, and American thought. His administrative service includes president of the New York Center for Anthroposophy; president of the Rudolf Steiner [summer] Institute; chair of the board of Sunbridge College (New York) and of Rudolf Steiner College (California). He was a member of the council of the Anthroposophical Society in America (1996–2004). He is the founding chair of the board of the Sophia Project, an anthroposophic home in Oakland, California, for mothers and children at risk of homelessness. He is a Lindisfarne fellow, a Fetzer mentor, and a member of the Esalen Corportion.

Mani & Service: Classics from the