An informal exploration of the concept of panpsychism in three of J.R.R. Tolkien’s fantasy works, The Silmarillion, The Hobbit, and The Lord of the Rings trilogy, by using multiple consciousness theories from prominent consciousness authors. Plotlines, character compositions, and physical and mental interactions between individuals and entities are examined through multi-faceted panpsychic consciousness lenses. Those lenses include consciousness as a “stream,” integrality, evolutionary emergence of consciousness in all life forms, numinosity, liminality, the mythical trickster, major consciousness themes, precognitive and lucid dreaming, removal of self-identity through separation and burial, inner work, plurality and conflict, and enlightenment and synergism.
Sheppard-Goodlett, Lisa R.
"Panpsychism And J.R.R. Tolkien: Exploring A Universal Psyche in The Silmarillion, The Hobbit, And The Lord Of The Rings,"
Journal of Conscious Evolution: Vol. 13
, Article 1.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/cejournal/vol13/iss13/1
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