The deep ecology movement, which began with Arne Naess’ introduction of the term in
1972, is compared with other movements for social responsibility that developed in the
20th century. The paper discusses Naess’ cross-cultural approach to characterizing grassroots
movements via platform principles that can be supported from a diversity of cultures,
worldviews, and personal philosophies, and explains his use of “ecosophy.” The deep ecology
movement’s relationship with ecopsychology, ecocriticism, and humanistic and transpersonal
psychology is described as part of an emerging synthesis referred to as transpersonal ecosophy.
The inquiry concludes with a technical discussion of Naess’ Apron Diagram and reflections
on the future of the movement in light of widespread concerns about global warming and
destruction of cultural and biological diversity.
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Drengson, A., Devall, B., & Schroll, M. A. (2011). Drengson, A., Devall, B., & Schroll, M. A. (2011). The deep ecology movement: Origins, development, and future prospects (toward a transpersonal ecosophy). International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 30(1-2), 101–117.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 30 (1). Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/ijts-transpersonalstudies/vol30/iss1/11