This is a theoretical paper devoted to an examination of the phenomenon of the Zen
koan. First, the existing understanding of the koan will be outlined from a number of
sources. This will be followed by an examination of what the koan would look like from
a structural point of view. Ken Wilber’s outlook will then be used to look at the koan in a
fresh way so that one might see it as a kind of test of the level of consciousness exhibited
by each solution. The latter is related to recent thinking on models in general.
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Rowan, J. (2010). Rowan, J. (2010). Koans and levels of consciousness. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 29(1), 12–16.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 29 (1). Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/ijts-transpersonalstudies/vol29/iss1/4