Debates concerning causal explanations of the universe tend to be based on a priori propositions
(e.g., Edwards, 1973; Smith, 1995; Swinburne, 1978). The present paper, however, addresses the
metaphysical question, “Why does the universe exist?” from the perspective of a school of Hindu
philosophy referred to as advaita vedanta and two of its a posteriori derived creation theories: the
theory of simultaneous creation (drishti-srishti vada) and the theory of non-causality (ajata vada).
Objections to advaita vedanta are also discussed. It is concluded that advaita vedanta has the
potential to make a significant contribution to contemporary metaphysical debate in general and
our understanding of the question, “Why does the universe exist?” in particular.
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Rock, A. J. (2005). Rock, A. J. (2005). Introduction to special topic section: Shamanism. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 24(1), 69–76.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 24 (1). Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/ijts-transpersonalstudies/vol24/iss1/9