The authors compiled 80 chronologically ordered passages from the contemporary psychology
literature that address the essence of transpersonal psychology. A thematic analysis of
these passages revealed that the two most frequent categories, occurring 53 (66.2%) and 49
(61.2%) times respectively, were: (a) Going beyond or transcending the individual, ego, self,
the personal, personality, or personal identity; existence of a deeper, true, or authentic Self;
and (b) Spirituality, psychospiritual, psychospiritual development, the spiritual, spirit. Other,
less frequent, themes included: special states of consciousness; interconnectivity/unity; going
beyond other schools of psychology; emphasis on a scientific approach; mysticism; full range
of consciousness; greater potential; inclusion of non-Western psychologies; meditation; and
existence of a wider reality.
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Shapiro, S. I., Lee, G. W., & Gross, P. L. (2002). Shapiro, S. I., Lee, G. W., & Gross, P. L. (2002). The essence of transpersonal psychology: Contemporary views. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 21(1), 19–32.. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 21 (1). Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.ciis.edu/ijts-transpersonalstudies/vol21/iss1/4